4 Apr 2019
No doubt, computer is the greatest of all inventions. Computers are known for their speed, precision, and reliability. In addition, with the inception of World Wide Web, computers have played a pivotal role in our lives.
Besides other advantages of computers, these machines have revolutionized the way we used to deal with numerous healthcare issues. To know how computers contributed in the field of healthcare, just continue reading.
Computers help to Diagnose
Computers can collect the data more precisely and accurately. This feature of computers allows us to diagnose various diseases by calculating the data received through other machines like MRI, Xrays, and other testing facilities.
Telemedicine is a way of providing healthcare facilities without physically reaching the patient. Here computers play an essential role in terms of diagnosis, exchange of information, prevention and treatment of the diseases.
In most of the cases, telemedicine provides the opportunity to communicate in real-time. Hence, doctors and patients can communicate through computer-assisted devices. Moreover, patients can also forward different test reports through Emails and store such documents for further use.
Rural population can seek maximum benefit through Telemedicine. Especially in developing countries where healthcare facilities are not available in rural areas, patients can contact doctors for treatment and diagnosis through Telemedicine.
Geographic Information System (GIS)
This system allows collecting the data regarding the geographical distribution of various diseases. In addition, it helps to analyze temporal and spatial trends, map the elements of risk and assess the healthcare requirements of a particular community. The analysts compile this data using computer software and analyze it to propose different solutions. The system helps to know the causes of disease and its preventive measures.
Computers and Bioengineering
Bioengineering is a collective study of medicine, engineering, and biology. It helps the researchers to improve human health via performing cross-disciplinary activities. It allows integrating engineering sciences with the medical sciences and using computers to diagnose diseases.
Bioengineering involves computerized analysis of blood samples and operation of Medical imaging systems. Analysis through bioengineering helps to provide cost-effective solutions to various healthcare issues.
Electronic Medical Records (EMR)
The conventional Paper-based medical record has its own weaknesses. Besides, it’s not possible to collect a large amount of data and reduce it to writing. This resulted in the development of Electronic Medical Records (EMR). It is a confidential and secure way of keeping medical records.
This system is another instance where computers are helping us to improve our healthcare programs. The use of information technology for health purposes has helped us to collect the data from various patients and store their clinical records.
Within the past few years, computerization of patient records has helped the researchers to deal with the common health issues in a systematic manner. EMR helps to track the patients with specific diseases like human immunodeficiency virus (HIV).
Health Management Information System (HMIS)
HMIS is an essential element of any healthcare program. It is a tool, which assists the doctors and scientists to gather, analyze, and use relevant information to improve the life of general masses. HMIS helps to collect data, and minimizes the responsibilities of field staff. It is a Web-based tool, which strengthens decentralization and helps to improve the planning ability.