12 Apr 2019
No doubt, computers have served us in almost every aspect of life. As these machines are becoming more and more sophisticated, our dependence on them is also increasing. Medicine, for instance, is such a field where computers have played a revolutionary role.
Medical researchers and physicians conduct numerous tests and researches by using computers. Computer innovation and its collaboration with medical science have literally performed miracles.
Here, we have compiled some of the most prominent usages of computers in the health sector.
MRI (Magnetic Resonance Imaging)
MRI provides high-resolution imaging of soft tissues like those in the brain. It utilizes powerful magnetic fields to see the internal activity and structure of a patient. Computers can process the bio-electrical activity detected by the MRI. As a result, a 3D image of the concerned body part allows doctors to diagnose the disease or effects of an injury. This is vital when it comes to treatment by doctors and chiropractors. At Peak Health, an orthopedic and chiropractor office, they use MRI to diagnose and treat. It has allowed the to avoid surgeries and offer alternative options.
Helps to Monitor the Physical and Mental State of a Patient
By using statistics monitoring software, computers help to monitor and record pulse, blood pressure, and oxygen levels of a patient. In case of any abnormality regarding these vital signs, the computer will immediately notify the medical staff.
Storage of Medical Data
Before the introduction of computers into medical field, doctors and practitioners used to keep sensitive patient data into cabinets. This wasn’t an efficient and secure way of storing such data. However, at present, medical practitioners can securely maintain the record of a patient and easily access it whenever required.
Computers Assist while Performing Surgeries
Specifically developed robotic arms can assist doctors while performing surgeries. Computers serve as the controlling brain behind the operation of these robots. Doctors can perform surgeries and save precious lives while controlling these robots from miles away. Furthermore, vital statistics monitoring and video networking make this procedure safe and effective.
CT scans and X-rays
Just like MRI, CT scans and X-rays also produce the internal images of a patient’s body. X-rays provide mono dimensional images. CT scans utilize numerous X-ray images to create a two-dimensional imagery with the help of a computer. These images allow doctors to monitor any abnormality and diagnose the disease.
This is a process, which involves irradiating the suspected dangerous materials or biopsy tissues. Spectroscopy helps to monitor the transmitted or reflected radiation patterns. In order to analyze the various energy characteristics, doctors use a wide range of spectroscopy methods.
Since every substance is capable of absorbing and reflecting specific wavelengths of electromagnetic radiation. Computers analyze these transmitted and reflected radiations and identify the available or missing wavelengths.
This specific pattern is known as spectrum, which the doctors compare to an already available database of a particular substance. Spectroscopy allows physicians and doctors to determine whether a poisonous substance is the true cause of the ailment. Hence, computers play a pivotal role in allowing doctors to suggest and offer appropriate treatment.
With the advancement of computer technology, doctors are now capable of running medical tests and conduct research. This allows them to find a cure for diseases such as AIDS and cancer. Moreover, researchers can conduct research on various diseases to find their potential cause and cure.